Morphine (MOP)

What is it?

Morphine is a type of opiate (or opioid) that can be dangerously addictive.[1] Due to its effectiveness however, it is prescribed by physicians to help monitor pain in patients who suffer from chronic illnesses.[1]

Morphine binds to opioid receptors in the central nervous system, both brain and spinal cord, to reduce the frequency of neural impulses of pain signals.[4] Morphine isn’t specific to pain impulses however, so when using it, all types of impulses will be slowed down.

Prescribed drugs include:

  • Oramorph
  • Sevredol
  • Filnarine
  • Morphgesic
  • MST Continus
  • MXl
  • Zomorph[3]

Common names include:

  • Miss Emma
  • M
  • Monkey

What are the health risks?

Short term symptoms

  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Constipation
  • Insomnia
  • Abdominal pain
  • Memory loss
  • Tremors or seizures
  • Vision problems
  • Headaches[1]

Long term effects

  • Addiction
  • Short term symptoms persist

Signs of overdose

  • Fluid in lungs
  • Limp muscles[1]
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Low blood pressure
  • Slow heart rate
  • Coma[2]

How is it used?

Morphine can be taken either as a pill or through injection.[1]